Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics

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Determination of the Utilization and Effort Level of Mackerel Scad (Decapterus spp) in the North Bolaangmongondow Waters North Sulawesi

Received: 26 April 2023    Accepted: 24 May 2023    Published: 9 June 2023
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Abstract

This research aimed to determine utilization level and effort level of scad mackerel (Decapterus spp) in the North Bolaangmongondow waters. One of the approach in the management of the fisheries resources is by mathematics modelling. In this research using Surplus Production Model with 5 estimator methods, that are: Schaefer, Fox, Schnute, Walter-Hilborn, and Clarke Yoshimoto Pooley. The analysis was performed aiming to get the best estimated for the surplus production model to determine the maximum sustainable yields (MSY), utilization level, and effort level of scad mackerel. The criteria of the best model (estimator) are: sign suitability of regression equation, values of coefficient determination, validations value (residual), and significance of regression coefficients. From the best model by using the formula can be determined the maximum sustainable yields (MSY), utilization level, and effort level. The data of catch and fishing effort scad mackerel collected from the Marine and Fisheries Service of the North Bolaangmongondow Residence and the North Sulawesi Province from 2009 – 2021. The best Surplus Production Model, which is used to assess the potential of scad mackerel is Fox Model. Optimal effort (EMSY) of 83 trips per year, with catches of optimal CMSY 287.679 kgs per year. The effort level for 2021 is 63.86%, which shows the quite efficient of effort, the utilization level of 95.93%, showing the production nearly optimum.

DOI 10.11648/j.sjams.20231101.12
Published in Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics (Volume 11, Issue 1, February 2023)
Page(s) 17-25
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Scad Mackerel, Surplus Production Model, Minimum Sustainable Yield, North Bolaangmongondow

References
[1] [DKP] Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Provinsi Sulawesi Utara. (2017). Statistik Perikanan Tangkap Provinsi Sulawesi Utara Tahun 2016.
[2] Boer, M,, dan K. A. Azis. (1995). Prinsip-prinsip Dasar Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Perikanan Melalui Pendekatan Bio-Ekonomi. Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan III (2): 109-119.
[3] Coppola, G., and S. Pascoe, (1996). A Surplus Production Model with a non-linear Catch-Effort Relationship. (Research Paper 105) Center for the Economics and Managemant of Aquatic Resources University of Portsmouth,
[4] Sparre, P., and S. C. Venema, Introduksi Pengkajian Stok Ikan Tropis. Buku 1 Manual. (Terjemahan J. Widodo. I. G. S. Merta, S. Nurhakim, dan M. Badrudin). (1999). Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian (Kerjasama dengan Organisasi Pangan dan Pertanian Perserikatan Bangsa-bangsa,
[5] Gulland, J. A. (1983). Fishing and Stock of Fish at Iceland. Agric. Fish Food, Invest. (Ser. 2) 23 (4): 52 – 70.
[6] Sularso, A. (2005). Alternatif Pengelolaan Perikanan Udang di Laut Arafura. Disertasi (Tidak Dipublikasikan). Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor (2005).
[7] Fox, W. W. (1970). An Exponential Surplus Yield Model for Optimazing Exploited Fish Population. Trans. Am. Fish Soc. 99 (1): 80-88.
[8] Schnute, J. (1977). Improved Estimates from the Schaefer Production Models: Theoritical Considerations. J. Fish. Res. Board Can., 34: 583-663.
[9] Tinungki, G. M. (2005). Evaluasi Model Produksi Surplus dalam Menduga Hasil Tangkapan Maksimum Lestari untuk Menunjang Pengelolaan Perikanan Lemuru Di Selat Bali. Disertasi (Tidak Dipublikasikan). Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor,
[10] Fauzi, A., dan S. Anna S, (2005). Pemodelan Sumberdaya Perikanan dan Kelautan untuk Analisis Kebijakan PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.
[11] Sumarsono, dan A. Zamroni, (2013). Sebaran Unit Stok Ikan Layang (Decapterus spp) dan Risiko Pengelolaan Ikan Pelagis Kecil di Laut Jawa. Jurnal Kebijakan Perikanan Indonesia, Vol 5 No. 1 Mei 2013: 17-24.
[12] Safrudin, (2013). Distribusi Ikan Layang (Decapterus spp) Hubungannya dengan Kondisi Oceanografi di Perairan Kabupaten Pangkep Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Vol 23 (3) Des 2013: 150-156.
[13] Mahmud, A., dan R. L. Bubun. (2015). Potensi Lestari Ikan Layang (Decapterus spp) Berdasarkan Hasil Tangkapan Pukat Cincin di Perairan Timur Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 6 No 2 2015: 159-168 (2015). E-journal http://dx.doi.org/10.24319/jtpk.6 10 Agustus 2018.
[14] Latukonsina, H. (2010), Pendugaan Potensi dan Tingkat Pemanfaatan Ikan Layang (Decapterus spp) di Perairan Laut Flores, Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Ilmiah Agribisnis dan Perikanan. Vol 3 Ed 2 (Okt 2010). Http://ejournal.stipwunaraha.ac.id 09 Agustus 2018.
[15] Kekenusa, J. S., Sendy B. Rondonuwu, and Marline S. Paendong, (2019). Determination of the Utilization and Effort Level of Mackerel Scad (Decapterus spp) in the Bitung Waters North Sulawesi. Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, 2019; 7 (6): 103-111.
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    John Socrates Kekenusa, Sendy Beatrix Rondonuwu, Marline Sofiana Paendong. (2023). Determination of the Utilization and Effort Level of Mackerel Scad (Decapterus spp) in the North Bolaangmongondow Waters North Sulawesi. Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, 11(1), 17-25. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjams.20231101.12

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    John Socrates Kekenusa; Sendy Beatrix Rondonuwu; Marline Sofiana Paendong. Determination of the Utilization and Effort Level of Mackerel Scad (Decapterus spp) in the North Bolaangmongondow Waters North Sulawesi. Sci. J. Appl. Math. Stat. 2023, 11(1), 17-25. doi: 10.11648/j.sjams.20231101.12

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    AMA Style

    John Socrates Kekenusa, Sendy Beatrix Rondonuwu, Marline Sofiana Paendong. Determination of the Utilization and Effort Level of Mackerel Scad (Decapterus spp) in the North Bolaangmongondow Waters North Sulawesi. Sci J Appl Math Stat. 2023;11(1):17-25. doi: 10.11648/j.sjams.20231101.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.sjams.20231101.12,
      author = {John Socrates Kekenusa and Sendy Beatrix Rondonuwu and Marline Sofiana Paendong},
      title = {Determination of the Utilization and Effort Level of Mackerel Scad (Decapterus spp) in the North Bolaangmongondow Waters North Sulawesi},
      journal = {Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics},
      volume = {11},
      number = {1},
      pages = {17-25},
      doi = {10.11648/j.sjams.20231101.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjams.20231101.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.sjams.20231101.12},
      abstract = {This research aimed to determine utilization level and effort level of scad mackerel (Decapterus spp) in the North Bolaangmongondow waters. One of the approach in the management of the fisheries resources is by mathematics modelling. In this research using Surplus Production Model with 5 estimator methods, that are: Schaefer, Fox, Schnute, Walter-Hilborn, and Clarke Yoshimoto Pooley. The analysis was performed aiming to get the best estimated for the surplus production model to determine the maximum sustainable yields (MSY), utilization level, and effort level of scad mackerel. The criteria of the best model (estimator) are: sign suitability of regression equation, values of coefficient determination, validations value (residual), and significance of regression coefficients. From the best model by using the formula can be determined the maximum sustainable yields (MSY), utilization level, and effort level. The data of catch and fishing effort scad mackerel collected from the Marine and Fisheries Service of the North Bolaangmongondow Residence and the North Sulawesi Province from 2009 – 2021. The best Surplus Production Model, which is used to assess the potential of scad mackerel is Fox Model. Optimal effort (EMSY) of 83 trips per year, with catches of optimal CMSY 287.679 kgs per year. The effort level for 2021 is 63.86%, which shows the quite efficient of effort, the utilization level of 95.93%, showing the production nearly optimum.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    T1  - Determination of the Utilization and Effort Level of Mackerel Scad (Decapterus spp) in the North Bolaangmongondow Waters North Sulawesi
    AU  - John Socrates Kekenusa
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    JO  - Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics
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    AB  - This research aimed to determine utilization level and effort level of scad mackerel (Decapterus spp) in the North Bolaangmongondow waters. One of the approach in the management of the fisheries resources is by mathematics modelling. In this research using Surplus Production Model with 5 estimator methods, that are: Schaefer, Fox, Schnute, Walter-Hilborn, and Clarke Yoshimoto Pooley. The analysis was performed aiming to get the best estimated for the surplus production model to determine the maximum sustainable yields (MSY), utilization level, and effort level of scad mackerel. The criteria of the best model (estimator) are: sign suitability of regression equation, values of coefficient determination, validations value (residual), and significance of regression coefficients. From the best model by using the formula can be determined the maximum sustainable yields (MSY), utilization level, and effort level. The data of catch and fishing effort scad mackerel collected from the Marine and Fisheries Service of the North Bolaangmongondow Residence and the North Sulawesi Province from 2009 – 2021. The best Surplus Production Model, which is used to assess the potential of scad mackerel is Fox Model. Optimal effort (EMSY) of 83 trips per year, with catches of optimal CMSY 287.679 kgs per year. The effort level for 2021 is 63.86%, which shows the quite efficient of effort, the utilization level of 95.93%, showing the production nearly optimum.
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Author Information
  • Department of Mathematics, Sam Ratulangi University, Manado, Indonesia

  • Department of Biology, Sam Ratulangi University, Manado, Indonesia

  • Department of Mathematics, Sam Ratulangi University, Manado, Indonesia

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